Famous Engineers

Claude Shannon


May 16, 2016

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Born April 30, 1916
Petoskey, Michigan, United States
Died February 24, 2001 (aged 84)
Medford, Massachusetts, United States
Nationality American
Fields Mathematics and electronic engineering
Institutions Bell Labs
MIT
Institute for Advanced Study
Alma mater University of Michigan,
MIT
Theses

A symbolic analysis of relay and switching circuits (1940)
An Algebra for Theoretical Genetics (1940)

Doctoral advisor Frank Lauren Hitchcock
Doctoral students Danny Hillis
Ivan Sutherland
Bert Sutherland
Heinrich Arnold Ernst
Known for

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Notable awards Stuart Ballantine Medal (1955)
IEEE Medal of Honor (1966)
National Medal of Science (1966)
Harvey Prize (1972)
Claude E. Shannon Award (1972)
Harold Pender Award (1978)
John Fritz Medal (1983)
Kyoto Prize (1985)
National Inventors Hall of Fame (2004)

Claude Elwood Shannon (April 30, 1916 – February 24, 2001) was an American mathematician, electrical engineer, and cryptographer known as "the father of information theory".[1][2]

Shannon is noted for having founded information theory with a landmark paper that he published in 1948. He is perhaps equally well known for founding digital circuit design theory in 1937, when, as a 21-year-old master's degree student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), he wrote his thesis demonstrating that electrical applications of Boolean algebra could construct any logical, numerical relationship.[3] Shannon contributed to the field of cryptanalysis for national defense during World War II, including his basic work on codebreaking and secure telecommunications.
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